A Scratchpad Memory-Based Execution Platform for Functional Reactive Systems and Its Static Timing Analysis

  • Zeinab Kazemi, Albert Mo Kim Cheng
  • Published 2016 in 2016 IEEE 22nd International Conference on Embedded and Real-Time Computing Systems and Applications (RTCSA)

Abstract

Priority-based Functional Reactive Programming (P-FRP) is a new variant of FRP to model reactive applications in real-time systems. In P-FRP, when the currently running task is preempted by an arriving higher-priority task, the lower-priority running task is aborted and the higher-priority task will execute. The lower-priority task restarts when the higher-priority one completes. However, unlike the preemptive model, when a task aborts, all the changes made by this task are discarded. That is to say, when an aborted ask restarts, it should execute from the beginning. In order to provide a realistic Worst-Case Response Time (WCRT) of the tasks in P-FRP, it is therefore mandatory to derive a realistic Worst Case Execution Time (WCET) of each task. Previous studies have ignored memory latency in the derivation of the WCRT, making the resulting estimate inaccurate and unrealistic. Furthermore, these studies have also assumed that the WCET of each task is known a priori. In this paper, we introduce a scratchpad memory (SPM)-based platform for executing P-FRP tasks and an approach to determine the WCET of the tasks by considering the memory cost of the aborted tasks. We first compute the WCET of a task in a P-FRP system, and then calculate the memory penalty caused by preemption. In the next step, we derive the WCRT of the task sets in P-FRP by considering memory latency in the proposed platform. Experimental results from the derivations of the WCET and WCRT using task sets from the SNU real-time benchmarks and randomly generated tasks are presented to validate this approach.

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